Countries in this Region

ISO2 ISO3 ISO3 Number
Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 28
Bahamas BS BHS 44
Barbados BB BRB 52
Belize BZ BLZ 84
Cuba CU CUB 192
Dominica DM DMA 212
Dominican Republic DO DOM 214
Grenada GD GRD 308
Guyana GY GUY 328
Haiti HT HTI 332
Jamaica JM JAM 388
Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659
Saint Lucia LC LCA 662
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670
Suriname SR SUR 740
Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780

State Indicators

State Description

State indicators reflect the conditions of the land as well as its resilience to withstand change as a consequence of sector pressures. This may include indicators which express changes in biological productivity (actual and potential), extent and impacts of soil degradation, including erosion, salinization, etc., annual and long-term balance of nutrients (exported and imported by the cropping systems), degree and type of contamination or pollution (by direct application, atmospheric transport, etc.), changes in organic matter content, water holding capacity, etc. The changes in state may be negative with poor management, or positive with good management. © FAO Link

Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)

Pressure Indicators

Pressure Description

Indicators in this group include those activities that relate to the degree of intensification and diversification of agricultural land uses, and result in increased pressure on land quality. This may include the number of crops in a cropping system per year or per hectare, type and intensity of tillage, degree of removal of biomass, integration with livestock systems, number of food and fibre products produced annually, etc. These indicators must be seen within the context of major socio-demographic factors such as population pressures, land tenure, etc., but the latter do not qualify for inclusion as LQIs. This is because these major forces do not influence land quality directly, but rather through the land practices that are adopted by farmers as a consequence. It is these management systems and their impacts that we wish to capture as LQIs, although changes in the major driving forces may provide some "early warning" signals. © FAO Link

Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas

Response Indicators

Response Description

The response mechanisms are normally achieved through direct actions by the farmers themselves in evolving or adopting improved land management systems, or through complementary activities whereby adoption of conservation technologies is stimulated by general economic, agricultural and conservation policies and programmes. In rare instances, environmental regulations may be necessary to effect proper control of land resource degradation. Response indicators may include number and types of farmer organizations for soil conservation, extent of change in farm technologies, risk management strategies, incentive programmes for adoption of conservation technologies, etc. Response indicators should be distinguished into those categories promoted by governments, those undertaken by individual farmers and those supported by agri-business.  © FAO Link

Progresses towards Nature Needs Half by ecoregions
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Restoring opportunities for ecoregions
Area of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged (km2)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
Number of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged
Area of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged (km2)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
Number of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged
No indicators yet

Protected Area Solutions

Documents (e.g. Regional Assessments, Strategies, Policies)

Document Document Type Publication year
Document: A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize Scientific paper 2013
Document: A Review of the Aquatic Mammals of Belize Scientific paper 2016
Document: A Systems Plan for Protected Areas in Saint Lucia Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2009
Document: Aguacaliente Wildlife Sanctuary – Management Plan 2009-2014 Management Plan 2008
Document: Analysis of the institutional capacities of the National System of Protected Areas of the Dominican Republic Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2013
Document: Annandale and Grand Etang Forest Reserves Management Plan Management Plan 2007
Document: ANNANDALE and GRAND ETANG FOREST RESERVES MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2007
Document: Bahamas Protected Marine Protection Plan Management Plan 2018
Document: Baseline Analysis of Biodiversity Impacts of Tourism Activity in Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve and Chiquibul Forest Reserve Site-level assessment 2007
Document: Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, Belize: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Site-level assessment 2007
Document: BILLY BARQUEDIER NATIONAL PARK MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2015
Document: Biodiversity Assessment of Payne’s Creek National Park Site-level assessment 2005
Document: Biodiversity Management Plan Kings Hill Forest Reserve Management Plan 2009
Document: Bladen Nature Reserve Management Plan 2007 - 2012 Management Plan 2006
Document: Blue and John Crow Mountains, Jamaica: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Blue Hole National Park Management Plan 1992 Management Plan 1992
Document: CABRITS NATIONAL PARK (MARINE COMPONENT) SITE REPORT Socio-economic Assessment, Site-level assessment 2007
Document: CABRITS NATIONAL PARK MARINE SECTION MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2007
Document: Case Study of the Folkestone Marine Park and Reserve Barbados Technical report 2001
Document: Caye Caulker Forest and Marine Reserve- Integrated Management Plan Management Plan 2004
Document: Caye Caulker Forest and Marine Reserve- Integrated Management Plan 2004-2009 Management Plan 2019
Document: Cen so de los Usuarios de Terrenos del Parque Nacional Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó Site-level assessment, Other 2015
Document: Central Belize Corridor Conservation Action Plan Site-level assessment 2015
Document: Central Forest Reserve National Park Management Plan 2007
Document: Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Suriname: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
URL: CEPF Ecosystem Profile - Technical Summary: Caribbean Islands Biodiversity Hotspot (2019) Regional assessment, Technical report 2019
URL: CEPF Ecosystem Profile: Caribbean Islands Biodiversity Hotspot (2019) Regional assessment, Technical report 2019
Document: Chiquibul Cave Management Plan 2009 Management Plan 2008
Document: Chiquibul National Park Management Plan 2008-2013 Management Plan 2008
Document: Climate Change Action Plan: Portland Bight Protected Area Technical report 2013
Document: Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Morne Diablotin and Morne Trois Pitons National Parks Technical report 2011
Document: Climate change and biodiversity conservation in the Caribbean Islands (2020) Regional assessment 2020
Document: Climate Change Risk Assessment Report: Portland Bight Protected Area Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2013
Document: COCKSCOMB BASIN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY PUBLIC USE PLAN Other 2017
Document: Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary – Management Plan Management Plan 2017
Document: Columbia River Forest Reserve Research Synthesis Site-level assessment, Technical report 2006
Document: Conservation Action Planning Southern Belize Reef Complex Site-level assessment 2008
Document: CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF THE MESOAMERICAN BARRIER REEF SYSTEMS PROJECT Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2003
Document: Conservation Area Plan Peccary Hills Area Site-level assessment, Other 2005
Document: Corozal Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan Management Plan 2012
Document: Corozal Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Planning for a Sustainable Fishery Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2012
Document: Corozal Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Research and Monitoring Plan Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Site-level assessment, Other 2013
Document: Corozal Bay Wildlife Sanctuary– Management Plan 2020-2024 Management Plan 2019
Document: Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan 2019-2023 Management Plan 2019
Document: Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan- Summary Management Plan 2019
Document: Desembarco del Granma National Park, Cuba: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: DESIGN OF BUFFER ZONES FOR THE MORNE DIABLOTIN NATIONAL PARK AND MORNE TROIS PITONS NATIONAL PARK WORLD HERITAGE SITE Site-level assessment, Technical report 2011
Document: Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services in Bahamian Marine Protected Areas National Report 2017
Document: Estrategia De Turismo De Naturaleza En El Parque Nacional Nalga De Maco, Río Limpio Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2015
Document: Estrategia Nacional de Conservación y Uso Sostenible de la Biodiversidad y Plan de Acción Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, National Report 2011
Document: FRESHWATER FISHES AND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS OBSERVED IN BELIZE WITH SPECIAL reference to SHIPSTERN NATURE RESERVE and WHITEWATER LAGOON Site-level assessment, Other 1990
Document: Gales Point Community Development Plan Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Site-level assessment 2008
Document: Gales Point Management Plan Management Plan 2007
Document: Gales Point Wildlife Sanctuary And Adjacent Areas Biodiversity Assessment Site-level assessment 2006
Document: Gales Point Wildlife- Planning for a Sustainable Fishery Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2009
Document: Gladden Spit and Silk Cayes Marine Reserve Management Plan 2010
Document: GLADDEN SPIT SILK CAYES MARINE RESERVE Management Plan (2018-2023) Management Plan 2018
Document: Glover’s Reef Marine Reserve Management Plan Management Plan 2019
Document: Glover’s Reef Marine Reserve Management Plan 2008 – 2013 Management Plan 2007
Document: Gra Gra Lagoon National Park Management Plan Management Plan 2006
Document: Grand Anse Marine Protected Area Management Plan Management Plan 2016
Document: Grenada Protected Area System Plan Part 1 Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2009
Document: Grenada Protected Area System Plan Part 2 Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2009
Document: Grenada's National Protected Areas System Capacity Development Plan Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, National assessment 2007
Document: Grenadines Seabird Conservation Management Plan Management Plan 2020
Document: Half Moon Caye and Blue Hole Natural Monuments – Management Plan 2008-2013 Management Plan 2007
Document: HOL CHAN MARINE RESERVE 2019-2024 MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2019
Document: HOL CHAN MARINE RESERVE MANAGEMENT PLAN 2002 2002
Document: Hunting Caye – Overview of Recommendations for Environmental Best Practices Other 2007
Document: Hunting Caye – Overview of Recommendations for Environmental Best Practices Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Site-level assessment 2007
Document: Identificación y Formulación de una Estrategia de Capitalización e Inversión del Fondo Patrimonial de Áreas Protegidas como Cuenta Operativa del Fondo MARENA Other 2019
URL: Informe Planeta Protegido 2020: Latinoamérica y el Caribe / Latin America and Caribbean Protected Planet Report 2020 Document: Informe Planeta Protegido 2020: Latinoamérica y el Caribe / Latin America and Caribbean Protected Planet Report 2020 Regional assessment, Technical report 2021
Document: Karyotypic Analysis of Five Rodents and a Marsupial from Belize, Central America Scientific paper 1987
Document: Laughing Bird Caye National Park Management Plan 2010
Document: LAUGHING BIRD CAYE NATIONAL PARK MANAGEMENT PARK 2018-2023 Management Plan 2018
Document: MA KÔTÉ MANGROVE MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2017
Document: Management Capacity in Belize's Protected Areas System (2005) Site-level assessment, National assessment 2005
Document: Management Plan Half Moon Caye Natural Monument and Blue Hole Natural Monument 2017 - 2021 Management Plan 2016
Document: MANUAL OF METHODS FOR THE MESOAMERICAN BARRIER REEF SYSTEMS (MBRS) SYNOPTIC MONITORING PROGRAM Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2003
National assessment 2010
Document: MolinièrMolinière-Beauséjour Marine Protected Area Management Plan 2010
Document: MORNE DIABOLTIN NATIONAL PARK – Improved Management Plan 2011 - 2016 Management Plan 2011
Document: MORNE TROIS PITONS NATIONAL PARK WORLD HERITAGE SITE – IMPROVED MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2018
Document: Morne Trois Pitons National Park, Dominica: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: NATIONAL PROTECTED AREA SYSTEMS PLAN FOR TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2018
Document: NATIONAL PROTECTED AREAS POLICY Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2011
Document: Noj Ka’ax H’Men Elijio Panti National Park Management Park 2008
Document: North-East Marine Management Area (Antigua) Management Plan 2007-2010 Management Plan 2007
Document: North-East Marine Management Area-Environmental and Socio-economic Study (2007) Socio-economic Assessment 2007
Document: Northern Belize Coastal Complex-Summary Report Site-level assessment, Other 2014
Document: Oracabessa Bay Fish Sanctuary Management Plan Management Plan 2019
Document: Parque Mirador Manantiales del Cachón de la Rubia Other 2019
Document: Peccary Hills Biodiversity Assessment Site-level assessment 2005
Document: Placencia Lagoon Rapid Environmental Assessment Site-level assessment 2014
Document: Planning for Community Management of Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan 2019
Document: Plant Records from Natural Forest Communities in the Bladen Nature Reserve, Maya Mountains Site-level assessment, Scientific paper 1995
Document: POINTE SABLE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2009
Document: POINTE SABLE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2014
Document: Port Honduras Marine Reserve Climate Change Adaptation Plan Site-level assessment 2012
Document: Port Honduras Marine Reserve Management Plan 2017 – 2021 Management Plan 2017
Document: Protected Area Management Plan for the Proposed Nevis Peak National Park and Camps River Watershed Area Management Plan 2009
Document: RAPID ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AGUACALIENTE WILDLIFE SANCTUARY Site-level assessment 2006
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment Aguas Turbias National Park Orange Walk District Site-level assessment 2003
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment Aguas Turbias National Park Orange Walk District Site-level assessment, Other 2003
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment El Pilar Archaeological Reserve Site-level assessment 1998
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment El Pilar Archaeological Reserve Site-level assessment 1998
Document: RAPID ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT MAYFLOWER BOCAWINA NATIONAL PARK Site-level assessment 2003
Document: RAPID ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT MAYFLOWER BOCAWINA NATIONAL PARK Volume II - Appendix Site-level assessment 2003
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment of Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary Lagoon/Wetland Ecosystem Site-level assessment 2019
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment Sarstoon Temash National Park Toledo District Site-level assessment 2003
Document: Rapid Ecological Assessment Sarstoon Temash National Park Toledo District, Belize Volume II: Appendices Site-level assessment, Other 2003
Document: RAPID ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT SPANISH CREEK WILDLIFE SANCTUARY Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2015
Document: Rehabilitation and Management of the Basseterre Valley as a Protection Measure for the Underlying Aquifer Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Site-level assessment 2009
Document: REVIEW OF THE POLICY, LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS FOR PROTECTED AREAS MANAGEMENT Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2006
Document: REVIEW OF THE POLICY, LEGAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS FOR PROTECTED AREAS MANAGEMENT Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, National assessment 2006
Document: Review of the Protected Areas Management Framework in Antigua and Barbuda (2007) Management Plan 2007
Document: Sandy Island/Oyster Bed Marine Protected Area Management Plan Management Plan 2007
Document: Sapodilla Cayes Management Plan 2011-2016 Management Plan 2010
Document: SARSTOON TEMASH NATIONAL PARK MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2004
Document: Sarteneja Tourism Development Plan Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2009
Document: Sarteneja Tourism Development Plan- Summary Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2009
Document: Shipstern Nature Reserve Management Plan 2011-2016 2011
Document: South Berry Islands Marine Reserve Management Plan 2009-2013 Management Plan 2009
Document: South Water Caye Management Plan 2010 - 2015 Management Plan 2009
Document: South Water Caye Management Plan 2019-2023 Management Plan 2018
Document: Spanish Creek Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan 2016-2021 Management Plan 2015
Document: Spanish Creek Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan Appendix Management Plan, Other 2015
Document: SPAW Factsheet Glovers Reef Marine Reserve Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Parque Nacional Jaragua Site-level assessment, Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Parque Nacional La Caleta Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Parque Nacional Los Haitises Site-level assessment, Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Parque Sierra de Bahoruco Site-level assessment, Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Port Honduras Marine Reserve Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet Tobago Cays Scientific paper, Technical report, Other 2019
Document: SPAW Factsheet_Hol Chan Marine Reserve Other 2019
Document: St. Herman’s Blue Hole National Park Management Plan Management Plan 2015
Document: Strategic Management Plan Columbia River Forest Reserve Management Plan 2009
Document: Summary Report -Technical Assessment of the Maya Mountains Massif report Technical report 2008
Document: Sustainable Financing Plan for Jamaica’s System of Protected Areas Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool 2009
Document: SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN DEEP RIVER FOREST RESERVE Management Plan 2009
Document: Sustainable Forest Management Plan For The Chiquibul Forest Reserve Management Plan 2018
Document: SWALLOW CAYE WILDLIFE SANCTUARY MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plan 2003
Document: Technical Assessment of the Maya Mountains Massif report Technical report 2008
Document: Technical Assessment of the Maya Mountains Massif- Socio-Economic Assessment Socio-economic Assessment 2008
Document: The Barbados (Alias Folkestone) Marine Reserve Scientific paper 2003
Document: The Economic Contribution of Belize’s Coral Reefs and Mangroves National assessment 2019
Document: THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY MONITORING PROGRAM Manual / Methodology / Standard / Tool, National Report 2016
Document: The Protocol on Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife in the Wider Caribbean (SPAW): Molinière - Beauséjour Site-level assessment 2019
Document: The Soufriere Scotts Head Marine Managed Area Dominica Management Plan Management Plan 2015
Document: THE SOUTHERN BELIZE REEF COMPLEX-SUMMARY REPORT Other 2008
Document: Tobago Cays Marine Park Management Plan Management Plan 2007
Document: Tobago Cays Marine Park-Environmental and Socio-economic Study Socio-economic Assessment 2007
Document: Toward the Development of Haiti’s System of Marine Protected Areas Management Plan 2013
Document: Turneffe Atoll Management Plan 2012-2017 Management Plan 2011
Document: Turneffe Atoll Marine Reserve Planning for Effective Management Site-level assessment 2012
Document: Vaca Forest Reserve Management Plan Management Plan 2017
Document: Woburn Clarkes Court Bay Management Plan 2012
Document: Port Honduras Marine Reserve Management Plan 2012-2017 Management Plan 2011


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