Countries in this Region

ISO2 ISO3 ISO3 Number
Djibouti DJ DJI 262
Eritrea ER ERI 232
Ethiopia ET ETH 231
Kenya KE KEN 404
Rwanda RW RWA 646
Somalia SO SOM 706
South Sudan SS SSD 728
Sudan SD SDN 736
Uganda UG UGA 800
United Republic of Tanzania TZ TZA 834

State Indicators

State Description

State indicators reflect the conditions of the land as well as its resilience to withstand change as a consequence of sector pressures. This may include indicators which express changes in biological productivity (actual and potential), extent and impacts of soil degradation, including erosion, salinization, etc., annual and long-term balance of nutrients (exported and imported by the cropping systems), degree and type of contamination or pollution (by direct application, atmospheric transport, etc.), changes in organic matter content, water holding capacity, etc. The changes in state may be negative with poor management, or positive with good management. © FAO Link

No indicators yet

Pressure Indicators

Pressure Description

Indicators in this group include those activities that relate to the degree of intensification and diversification of agricultural land uses, and result in increased pressure on land quality. This may include the number of crops in a cropping system per year or per hectare, type and intensity of tillage, degree of removal of biomass, integration with livestock systems, number of food and fibre products produced annually, etc. These indicators must be seen within the context of major socio-demographic factors such as population pressures, land tenure, etc., but the latter do not qualify for inclusion as LQIs. This is because these major forces do not influence land quality directly, but rather through the land practices that are adopted by farmers as a consequence. It is these management systems and their impacts that we wish to capture as LQIs, although changes in the major driving forces may provide some "early warning" signals. © FAO Link

Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES

Response Indicators

Response Description

The response mechanisms are normally achieved through direct actions by the farmers themselves in evolving or adopting improved land management systems, or through complementary activities whereby adoption of conservation technologies is stimulated by general economic, agricultural and conservation policies and programmes. In rare instances, environmental regulations may be necessary to effect proper control of land resource degradation. Response indicators may include number and types of farmer organizations for soil conservation, extent of change in farm technologies, risk management strategies, incentive programmes for adoption of conservation technologies, etc. Response indicators should be distinguished into those categories promoted by governments, those undertaken by individual farmers and those supported by agri-business.  © FAO Link

Progresses towards Nature Needs Half by ecoregions
Protected area coverage of Caribbean coral reefs (%)
Restoring opportunities for ecoregions
Area of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged (km2)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
Number of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged
Area of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged (km2)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
MIKE programme II: Protected areas in MIKE programme
MIKE programme IV: Illegal Killing (PIKE) by protected area
MIKE programme V: N of CARCASSES
Number of Intact Forest Landscapes (IFLs) logged
No indicators yet

Protected Area Solutions

Documents (e.g. Regional Assessments, Strategies, Policies)

Document Document Type Publication year
URL: A review of studies on ecosystem services in Africa Scientific paper 2016
URL: Biodiversity and ecosystem services on the African continent – What is changing, and what are our options? Scientific paper 2020
Document: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Closing the gap: The financing and resourcing of protected and conserved areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Closing the gap: The financing and resourcing of protected and conserved areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) - Knowledge Brief Regional assessment, Other 2020
Document: Djibouti Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Djibouti Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Djibouti NBSAP 2017 NBSAP 2017
Document: Djibouti NBSAP 2017 NBSAP 2017
Document: Eritrea Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Eritrea Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Ethiopia Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National Report, Technical report 2020
Document: Ethiopia Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
URL: GESTION DURABLE DES FORÊTS ET DE LA FAUNE SAUVAGE EN AFRIQUE: Améliorer la valeur, les avantages et les services Document: GESTION DURABLE DES FORÊTS ET DE LA FAUNE SAUVAGE EN AFRIQUE: Améliorer la valeur, les avantages et les services Scientific paper, Technical report 2016
URL: How effective are the protected areas of East Africa? Regional assessment, Scientific paper 2019
URL: How effective are the protected areas of East Africa? Regional assessment, Scientific paper 2019
Document: International Outlook for Privately Protected Areas: Ethiopia Country Profile (2019) National assessment, Technical report 2019
Document: International Outlook for Privately Protected Areas: Ethiopia Country Profile (2019) National assessment, Technical report 2019
URL: IUCN PAPACO Website with RAPPAM, METT and EoH Assessments in Africa Site-level assessment, National assessment, Regional assessment, Technical report, Other 2020
Technical report 2019
Document: Kenya Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Kenya Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment, Technical report 2014
Document: Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment, Technical report 2014
Document: Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Lake Turkana National Parks, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Lake Turkana National Parks, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Management Effectiveness, Governance, and Social Assessments of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa Regional assessment, Technical report 2019
Document: Management Effectiveness, Governance, and Social Assessments of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (Executive Summary) Regional assessment, Technical report 2019
Document: Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest, Kenya: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment, Technical report 2014
Document: Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest, Kenya: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment, Technical report 2014
Document: Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest, Kenya: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Natural World Heritage in Africa: Progress and Prospects (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
URL: NBSAP for Tanzania NBSAP 2019
Document: Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Protected Area Governance and Equity Chapter - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Protected Area Management Effectiveness Chapter - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
URL: Representation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in East Africa’s protected area network Scientific paper 2020
URL: Representation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in East Africa’s protected area network Scientific paper 2020
Document: Rwanda Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Rwanda Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: RWANDA NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY STRATEGY AND ACTION PLAN NBSAP 2016
Document: Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park, Sudan: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park, Sudan: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Serengeti National Park, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Serengeti National Park, Tanzania: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Simien National Park, Ethiopia: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment 2014
Document: Simien National Park, Ethiopia: Enhancing our Heritage (EoH) Assessment 2014 Site-level assessment, Technical report 2014
Document: Simien National Park, Ethiopia: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Simien National Park, Ethiopia: IUCN World Heritage Conservation Outlook Assessment 2020 Site-level assessment 2020
Document: Somalia Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Somalia Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: South Sudan Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: South Sudan Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) Regional assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Sudan Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Sudan Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Tanzania Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Tanzania Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Uganda Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
Document: Uganda Country Profile - State of Protected and Conserved Areas in Eastern and Southern Africa (2020) National assessment, Technical report 2020
URL: Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook 2021 Document: Western Indian Ocean Marine Protected Areas Outlook 2021 Regional assessment 2021


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